According to a recent estimate, the market for electric cars (EVs) is predicted to be valued at least $475 billion by 2025. Electric two-wheeler adoption is expected to increase to 15% by 2025, up from 1% today.
The present government has certainly given India’s focus on next-generation mobility, but the ‘National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020’ was first published in 2013 under the previous Congress-led government. This puts to promote green transportation and electric vehicles.
While there was an initial drive to make two- and three-wheelers electric, the greater demand is for electric public transit and vehicles. Despite the current obstacles and ambiguities in the field, major automakers are increasingly optimistic about this vastly unexplored market.
So, What Exactly Is An Electric Car?
For the uninitiated, an electric car is simply a vehicle driven by one or more electric motors utilising energy stored in rechargeable batteries, rather than internally burning fuel or diesel and emitting emissions. there are three types of EVs:
- Solar-powered electric vehicles and automobiles
- Hybrid electric vehicles that run on a combination of internal combustion and batteries
- Electric vehicles with on-board battery packs are sometimes referred to as battery electric vehicles (BEV)
Electric cars most typically refer to battery electric vehicles, although they can also refer to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV)
Automobile manufacturers in India have introduced electric four-wheelers such as the Hyundai Kona Electric, Mahindra e-Verito, Mahindra e2o, Tata Tigor EV 2019, and MG ZS. However, many more will be required if India is to make significant progress toward being an EV-first nation.
The Evolution of Electric Vehicles-
Electric Vehicles (EVs) traced back to the mid-19 century. nyos Jedlik discovered a special sort of electric motor in 1828.
He built a little model automobile that could be powered by his new motor. Between 1832 and 1839, Robert Anderson, a Scottish discoverer, discovered a rudimentary vehicle powered by electricity.
In 1835, Professor SibrandusStratingh of Groningen, the Netherlands, and his German colleague Christopher Becker built a small-scale electric automobile powered by non-rechargeable primary cells. Despite its origins in the nineteenth century, vehicular land speed arrived about 1900. Initially, the speed of electric battery-powered automobiles was significantly slower than that of internal combustion engine vehicles. As a result, individuals would have no reason to be interested in EVs. However, the circumstances shifted around the turn of the century. People began to be concerned about the hydrocarbon-fueled automobiles that emit pollution and foul gas. emission, as well as other environmental calamities
What Are the Benefits of EVs Over IC Engine vehicles?
On a fundamental basis, electric vehicles have far lower running costs than traditional internal combustion engines. Electric vehicles, 76-85 percent less expensive in terms of ic engine and maintenance, which is an issue for many consumers who drive frequently
Furthermore, EVs have 75-80 percent less moving parts, which results in a substantially reduced maintenance price. Aside low running costs, EVs have an advantage terms performance and driveability.
The Benefits of Using an EV
- EVs environmental friendliness.
- First and foremost, electric automobiles can significantly reduce air pollution in Indian cities. These vehicles run on batteries, which produce no pollution like internal combustion engines. Even though they make little or no noise, these cars assist to reduce noise pollution.
- Lower Operational Costs- It is projected that utilising EVs saves almost 75-80 percent on fuel costs. When compared to other traditional vehicles, EVs have 75% less moveable components, resulting in a substantially lower maintenance expense.
Disadvantages of EV use-
- Costly EVs are a little more expensive fewer maintenance expenses; nevertheless, because the parts are small and scarce in the Indian landscape, the repairing cost rises.
- Problems with infrastructure The context under which EVs are supposed to function is still ideal. In India, there aren’t enough battery charging stations, automobile repair shops, or manufacturing plants..
- After-sales service Because EVs have yet to gain traction in India, after-sales support is also lacking when compared to regular petrol and diesel vehicles.
Also Read: TVS iQube Electric Scooter
What Are Obstacles to Consumer in order to Adoption of Electric Vehicles?
Insufficient production of battery cells
There is no main battery cell production in India, which raises the likelihood of our trade imbalance widening. Most manufacturers currently rely on batteries supplied from Japan, China, Korea, and Europe. As a result, the Indian market need support for indigenous technologies that are strategic and economically advantageous to India, such as aluminium fuel cells.
Constructing charging infrastructure
The main difficulty is, of course, charging infrastructure, which will need to be integrated with current refuelling stations as well as placed in alternative sites closer to residences.
Boosting battery performance
Given the length of time it will take to replicate electric charging infrastructure and the pervasiveness of fueling infrastructure in India, it is critical that batteries become significantly more robust in order to compete with internal combustion engine automobiles. Currently, the Hyundai Kona electric has the longest range of 452 km on a single charge among electric cars available in India, but this may change in the coming years.
How Long It May Take Take To Transition To Electric Vehicles?
According to media sources, EV market penetration is now barely 1% of total vehicle sales in India, with electric two-wheelers accounting for 95% of sales. While just 1,500 electric automobiles were sold for personal use between April and December 2019
“In 2018, scooters accounted for 79% of all automobiles sold in India.” People would be inclined to switch to two-wheelers if perceive that it is not silent and cost-effective. Two-wheelers take up less room and require less money to start than vehicles, so the transition will begin here. “Because India is a price-sensitive market,” by Aryan